The 1945 Constitution, or UUD 1945, is the highest law of the land in Indonesia. It contains the fundamental principles of the Indonesian state, including the rights and obligations of citizens. This article will explore Articles 27 to 34 of UUD 1945, which outline the rights and responsibilities of Indonesian citizens.
Rights of Indonesian Citizens
Article 27 of UUD 1945 guarantees the right to life, freedom, security, education, and property of Indonesian citizens. Article 28 states that Indonesian citizens have the right to express their opinions, assemble, and form associations. Article 29 grants citizens the right to vote, and Article 30 outlines the right to petition the government.
Responsibilities of Indonesian Citizens
Article 31 of UUD 1945 states that Indonesian citizens must respect the law and the rights of others. They must also serve the country when called upon. Article 32 outlines the duty of citizens to pay taxes, and Article 33 states that citizens must fulfill their civic obligations. Article 34 stipulates that citizens must defend the country when necessary.
In conclusion, Articles 27 to 34 of UUD 1945 outline the rights and responsibilities of Indonesian citizens. These articles provide the framework for citizens to live in a free and secure society, while also ensuring that they fulfill their obligations to the state.
Recently, the Indonesian Constitution 1945 was discussed regarding its article discussing the rights and responsibilities of Indonesian citizens. Articles 27-34 are specifically dedicated to the rights and responsibilities of citizens, with the former emphasizing essential freedoms while the latter discussing state duties toward citizens and the correlating responsibilities of citizens toward the state.
Article 27 stating that all citizens have the right to believe in a religion and practice it in their own form, but the practice of such a belief should not touch on anything contrary to government regulations. Article 28 grants all citizens the right to participate in the state’s most important decisions, either directly or through representatives.
As for responsibilities, article 29 states that all citizens must obey the laws and ensure the interests of the state, nation, and all its citizens are protected. Article 30 speaks to the duties of citizens to defend their country in times of danger and pay taxes imposed by the state and their local communities, as required for their position in the social order.
Article 31 explains the responsibility of citizens to obtain a national identity card and determine age based on national calendar, as well as working for the benefit of their fellow citizens. Article 32 explains the responsibility of citizens to possess a “noble character”, which serves as the basic foundation for ‘good citizens’, particularly in creating unity, harmony, and health for the common good of society.
Finally, citizens are advised to use reasonable precaution so their speech and behavior does not lead to hatred, defamation or other such offenses (article 33) and to behave in public places in an orderly manner by following the rules given by the government (article 34).
It is clear, then, that the Indonesian Constitution 1945 provides an important list of both the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Thus, understanding and adhering to both sides of the law is essential for a good and peaceful life.